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Friday, February 18, 2011

The European Parliament supports the conclusion of a bilateral free trade agreement between the EU and South Korea

Industry, Co-op & Development, Economy - Finances, Trade,Corporations,Administrations States,SMEs,International Organisation,

News With an overwhelming majority, 465 MEPs voted in favor of free trade agreement between the EU and South Korea. For the first time, Parliament approved a trade agreement and adopted a trade legislation that comes under the Lisbon Treaty procedures. Therefore, from 1st July 2011 the EU and South Korea will be able to trade more freely and easily. The EU trade commissioner, Karel De Gucht, welcomed this decision.

Commissioner De Gucht said that she was delighted that MEPs had so clearly supported this deep and innovative trade agreement – the EU's most ambitious to date and the first with an Asian country. This is a landmark agreement and a benchmark for what EU wants to achieve with other key trading partners. Under the Lisbon Treaty, the European Parliament is required to give its consent on the EU's trade agreements and to be co-legislator on trade matters with the Council. The Safeguard Regulation, that accompanies the EU-South Korea FTA, is the first major co-decision file on trade in which the EP was involved. This was also adopted today [with 495 MEPs voting in favour]. Background The text of the agreement was initialled between the European Commission and South Korea on 15 October 2009 and signed on 6 October 2010. The EP vote takes place together with the vote on the Regulation implementing the bilateral Safeguard Clause of the agreement ("Korea Safeguard Regulation"), an instrument, which will provide a safety net for the EU industry if ever it would be threatened by injurious surge of imports from South Korea. Today's votes pave the way for the provisional application of the agreement as of 1 July 2011. The EU Member States will have to ratify the agreement according to their own laws and procedures before conclusion, which might take place in several years' time. This will however not affect the provisional application of the FTA. The EU-South Korea FTA In terms of tariffs, South Korea and the EU will eliminate 98.7% of duties in trade value for both industrial and agricultural products within 5 years from the entry into force of the FTA. The remaining products, with a few exceptions in the agricultural sector, will become duty free over longer transitional periods, i.e. periods during which the tariffs will be phased out. This is the most ambitious trade coverage ever achieved in a FTA negotiated by the EU. One study estimates that the deal will create new trade in goods and services worth €19.1 billion for the EU; another study calculates that it will more than double the bilateral EU-South Korea trade in the next 20 years compared to a scenario without the FTA. The FTA will remove virtually all import duties between the two economies as well as many non-tariff barriers. It will relieve EU exporters of industrial and agricultural goods to South Korea from paying tariffs. Once the transitional period for full implementation is complete, exporters will save € 1.6 billion annually from not paying import duties. The agreement will also create new market access in services and investment and will make major advances in areas such as intellectual property, procurement, competition policy and trade and sustainable development. Trade figures EU-South Korea goods trade was worth around €54 billion in 2009. The EU currently runs a deficit with South Korea in goods trade, although trends suggest that the Korean market offers significant growth potential. * For products like chemicals, pharmaceuticals, auto parts, industrial machinery, shoes, medical equipment, non-ferrous metals, iron and steel, leather and fur, wood, ceramics, and glass, the EU enjoys a solid trade surplus. * Similarly, for agricultural products South Korea is one of the more valuable export markets globally for EU farmers, with annual sales of over €1 billion. * On services, the EU has a surplus with South Korea of €3.4 billion, with exports of €7.8 billion in 2008 and imports of €4.4 billion.

Source :  Press room - European Commission

More information  Press room - European Commission




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