Debates on the 2015 EU budget

June 12, 2014

Hat: The economic objective for 2015 for the European Union is to boost the growth

Funding Scheme: 2014-06-11

Pgm2014 2020: Yes


The bulk of the commitments for the EU 2015 budget is for future projects that make Europe stronger economically whereas some 40% of the payments still cover EU funded projects from the 2007-2013 financial period.


Also the Commission is proposing a further 1% reduction in its staff numbers, the third such cut in three years.

The proposed increase of 2.1% in commitments and 1.4% in payments is virtually absorbed by the estimated inflation rate for 2015.

Commitment appropriations focus on the new programmes (2014-2020 MFF) and almost 60% of the proposed amount is dedicated to programmes that support Europe’s research and innovation, youth and businesses.

The lion’s share of payment appropriations goes to areas that boost Europe’s economic growth and jobs (+29.5% compared to 2014) such as research (Horizon 2020), trans-European networks for energy, transport and ICT (Connecting Europe Facility) or the Youth Employment Initiative.

Other areas that see an increase in payments are the asylum, migration and integration fund (+140%) and protecting Europeans’ health and consumers (+20%).

The functioning cost of the EU remains stable at around 4.8% of the total budget. Its increase (+1.6%) is around the expected rate of inflation, therefore it does not increase in real terms. The draft budget also includes the third 1% staff reduction in three years. Finally, the Commission cut the expenditure and staffing requests of other EU institutions to better align them with the staff reduction target of 5% over 5 years and apply restraint to other administrative costs.

What next?

Following today’s adoption by the Commission of the 2015 draft budget, the Council (Member States) will adopt its position on it, followed by the European Parliament. This will be followed by a 21-day conciliation period to find a compromise agreement between the Council and the Parliament.

Special instruments include the ‘Emergency Aid Reserve (EAR)’, the ‘European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)’ and the ‘European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF)’. The corresponding appropriations are considered outside the MFF for the purpose of the calculation of the margins under the ceilings for appropriations. The same applies to the appropriations related to the Flexibility Instrument. 

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