EU promotes growth and cohesion

February 15, 2013

Funding Scheme: 2013-02-15

Pgm2014 2020: Yes


European Commission proposes an investment strategy via the European Social Fund and under Europe 2020 strategy on cohesion and social economy, to address problems which EU is currently facing (unemployment, poverty, population ageing, education, health and housing etc.)



On 20 February, the European Commission is due to present a Communication on a Social Investment Package for Growth and Cohesion. The initiative will aim to help Member States to use their social budgets more efficiently and more effectively, by promoting best practices and providing guidance on social investment. Social investment involves strengthening people’s current and future capacities. In particular, social investment helps to ‘prepare’ people to confront life’s risks, rather than simply ‘repairing’ the consequences. This means that Member States need to put a greater focus on policies which yield high returns throughout people’s lifetimes such as childcare, education, training, active labour market policies, housing support, rehabilitation and health services. For example making pre-schooling more widely accessible to children has been shown to have a sizeable and persistent positive effect on a child’s ability to succeed in school and, in the long term, obtain higher wages in the labour market.

To ensure implementation of the package the Commission would review Member States’ performance on the basis of the employment and poverty targets of the Europe2020 strategy and social protection reform. This would be based partly on a number of specific criteria that Member States have agreed should be included in a Social Protection Performance Monitor. The Commission would give further policy guidance, inter alia on the basis of strengthened input from relevant stakeholders, in the Country Specific Recommendations in the framework of the European Semester.

Focussed EU financial support would be available to help to meet the defined targets, notably from the European Social Fund over the period 2014-20.

The Communication will include a proposal for a Recommendation on the fight against child poverty and announce proposals for legislation on access to basic payment services and support to social innovation, microfinance and social enterprises.

The background:

As a result of the prolonged economic and financial crisis, EU Member States are facing the contradictory challenges of a “social emergency” – increasing poverty and inequalities and record unemployment – combined with cuts in public spending. In addition, Member States continue to face the challenges of an ageing population. Under-investment in social policies now will result in greater costs in the future. Targeted social spending to improve the individual’s chances throughout his/her life of integrating better into the labour market and society benefits the individual’s prosperity, boosts the economy and helps to reduce higher social spending in the future stages of life.

On Thursday 21 February 2013, the European Commission will adopt its monthly infringements package. These decisions cover all Member States and most of EU policies and seek to enforce EU law across Europe in the interest of both citizens and businesses.

The background:

Article 258 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) gives the Commission the power to take legal action against a Member State that is not respecting its obligations under EU law.

There are three successive stages: Letter of formal notice, reasoned opinion and referral to the Court of Justice.

If, despite the ruling, a Member State still fails to act, the Commission may open a further infringement case under Article 260 of the TFEU. After only one written warning, Commission may refer a Member State back to the Court and it can propose that the Court imposes financial penalties based on the duration and severity on the infringement and the size of the Member State.

On 22nd February, the Commission will publish its winter economic forecast for 2013-2014 covering Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation, employment and public budget deficits and debt, amongst others. These forecasts focus on all 27 EU Member States, plus the candidate countries as well as some non-EU countries.

The background:

The European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Monetary Affairs produces short-term macroeconomic forecasts three times year: in the spring, autumn and in the winter. They serve as a basis for various economic surveillance procedures, such as in the context of the European Semester.

On 27 February 2013, the European Commission is due to present a ‘smart border package’ aimed at using new technology to speed-up, facilitate and reinforce border check procedures for foreigners travelling to the EU. The package consists of a Registered Traveller Programme (RTP), which will allow certain groups of frequent travellers from third countries (such as business travellers, workers on short term contracts, researchers and students, third country nationals with close family ties to EU citizens or living in regions bordering the EU) to enter the EU using simplified border checks,.. It will also include an Entry/Exit System (EES), which will record the time and place of entry and exit of third country nationals travelling to the EU. The system will calculate the length of the authorised short stay in an electronic way, replacing the current manual system. The aim of the ‘smart border package’ is to simplify life for frequent third country travellers at the EU’s external borders, enhance EU security and contribute to better monitoring of border-crossings.

The background:

This proposal follows a 2011 Communication (IP/11/1234), in which a discussion was launched between EU institutions and authorities about the implementation of new systems, in light of their added value, their technological and data protection implications, and their costs.

The proposals are part of the initiative to strengthen the overall governance of the Schengen area, as announced in the Communication on Migration adopted on 4 May 2011 (IP/11/532 and MEMO/11/273).

The European Commission will present on 27 February its position on the post 2015 development agenda. The Communication will bring together a review of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which come to an end in 2015 and actions based on the outcomes of the Rio+20 conference, including the sustainable development goals. The MDGs have been a powerful tool to mobilise the world around the fight against poverty. Today, tackling poverty remains a top priority as well as other global challenges such as climate change, resource scarcity, environmental degradation and social inequalities. The two challenges of eradicating poverty and ensuring a sustainable development are interlinked and the next global framework should address both issues. There is clearly a need to go further and bring together a comprehensive framework required to fight against poverty, promoting sustainable development and social equality, whilst ensuring global progress stays within planetary boundaries. The “Decent Life for All” Communication will offer a joint and comprehensive vision for how to end extreme poverty and give the world a sustainable future, in response to the above global challenges.

The background:

In September 2013, a UN special event will take stock of the efforts made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), discuss ways to accelerate progress until 2015 and start exchanges on what could follow after the MDG target year of 2015. The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon asked the UN High Level Panel on the post-2015 development agenda to which European Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs is a member, to prepare a special report, to be presented by the end of May. A number of commitments made at the Rio+20 Conference in June 2012 also need to be implemented within the EU. In addition, a report on Sustainable Development Goals is due to be presented to the UN General Assembly by September 2014. The “Decent Life for All” Communication would present an initial common approach to all these issues, with a view to achieve an EU common position to feed the debate at the UN and worldwide.



Url description: European Commission Press