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European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

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  • ABSORPTION CAPACITY

    This usually means the ability of a country or organization to receive aid and use it effectively. Developing countries often lack this capacity. For example, a country may receive enough money to enable all its children to attend primary school - but owing to a lack of teachers, lack of schools or a poor administrative system, it is impossible to spend this money in the short term. Work must first be done to train teachers, build schools and improve the efficiency of the system - thus raising the country's 'absorptive capacity'.

  • ACCESSION PARTNERSHIP

    Accession Partnerships, as part of the reinforced pre-accession strategy, make up the framework of the pre-accession process for each candidate country. They set out: * key priority areas in which candidate countries need to make progress, i.e. priorities identified in the European Commission’s opinion on applications for European Union membership; * financial support under a single framework. Accession Partnerships may be revised according to the progress achieved by candidate countries and on the development of new situations.

  • ACCOMPANYING MEASURES

    Actions supported by the RTD Framework Programmes to contribute to the implementation of a specific programme, with a view to enabling them to achieve or define their strategic objectives. They will also contribute to the preparation of future activities.

  • ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE

    Set of laws and engagements that define the Member States as the European Union. Candidate countries must accept and integrate this acquis communautaire before acceding to the European Union.

  • ACRONYM

    A short name for ptoject of programme, often asked for in an application form for a call for a proposal which is another name for your project to make it more distinguishable.

  • ADDITIONALITY

    It is one of the Structural Funds' four principles which were strengthened by the revised regulations adopted in July 1993. It means that Community assistance complements the contributions of the Member States rather than reducing them. Except for special reasons, the Member States must maintain public spending on each Objective at no less than the level reached in the preceding period.

  • AGENCIES

    EU bodies having a distinct legal personality, and to whom budget implementing powers may be delegated under strict conditions. They are subject to a distinct discharge from the discharge authority. Executive agencies are created by a commission decision to implement all or part of a community programme directly from the EC budget.

  • AGENDA 2000

    Document relative to enlargement, the reform of common policies and the financial frame of the EU from 31 December 1999. The Commission’s opinions regarding the accession candidatures are attached to this document, as the set of questions that will raise to the EU in the early 21st century.

  • APPLICANT ORGANISATION (THE APPLICANT)

    Any legal person, private, public or semi-public, submitting a project. The applicant organisation becomes the contracting organization if the proposal is accepted and the grant agreement is signed.

  • ARTICLE 169

    Article of the European treaty for RTD programmes jointly undertaken by several Member States. In implementing the multiannual framework programme FP7 the Community may make provision, in agreement with the Member States concerned, for participation in research and development programmes undertaken by several Member States, including participation in the structures created for the execution of those programmes.

  • ASEAN

    Association of South-East Asian Nations. It is a economic, political and cultural organisation created in 1967 whose members are 10 South-East Asian countries: Indonesia Malaysia the Philippines Singapore Thailand Brunei (1984) Vietnam (1995) Laos (1997) Myanmar (1997) Cambodia (1999)

  • ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT

    An association agreement is a bilateral agreement between the European Union and a third country. In the context of accession to the European Union, it serves as the basis for implementation of the accession process.

  • ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT FOR SPECIFIC PROGRAMMES

    Agreement concluded between the European Union and a third country, which associates it to specific programmes of the Framework Programme. Not to be confused with those which Associate Third countries to the EU in order for them to accede to the European Union.

  • AUDIT CERTIFICAT

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