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European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

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    This means measuring how well one country, business, industry, etc. is performing compared to other countries, businesses, industries, and so on. The 'benchmark' is the standard by which performance will be judged. Benchmarking is one of the techniques used in the 'Lisbon process'


    A moral person or entity, whether private, public or semi-public, that is responsible by the signature of the grant agreement (contract) for the coordination and management of the project, including the dispatch of the funds. The beneficiary is the one who receives the grant (cf Europeaid) and who reports directly to the Commission. FP7 The beneficiary designs every participating organisation to the FP7 project, member of a consortium. Among the beneficiaries, the coordinator represents the whole consortium towards the Commission.


    One way of improving policies in the EU is for governments to look at what is going on in other EU countries and to see what works best. They can then adopt this 'best practice', adapting it to their own national and local circumstances. The concept is a real trend in European proposal writing but we advice not to abuse of this term.


    Reference that is attributed to an action programme. A budgetary line has the same significance than the programme.

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