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European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

Find all European Funds

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  • DCI - DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT

    DCI covers three main components. The first is to provide assistance to South Africa and 47 developing countries in Latin America, Asia and Central Asia, and the Middle East. Secondly, it supports the restructuring of sugar production in 18 ACP countries. Thirdly, it runs five thematic programmes: investing in people; environment and sustainable management of natural resources including energy; non-state actors and local authorities in development; food security; as well as migration and asylum.

  • DECENTRALISATION

    Decentralisation is the process whereby management of European Union funds is delegated to the administrations of the beneficiary countries. It implies the setting up of competent infrastructures by the beneficiary countries and effective control of fund management by the European institutions.

  • DECONCENTRATION (DEVOLUTION)

    The deconcentration of the management of external aid towards the Delegations of the Commission is a key element of the reform of the management of external assistance. Delegations are given responsibility for key operational tasks, such as project identification and appraisal, contracting and disbursement of Community funds, and project monitoring and evaluation.

  • DEMOCRATIC DEFICIT

    vIt is often said that the EU's decision-making system is too remote from ordinary people, who cannot understand its complexities and its difficult legal texts. The EU is trying to overcome this “democratic deficit” through simpler legislation and better public information, and by giving civil society a greater say in European policymaking. Citizens are already represented in EU decision-making via the European Parliament.

  • DG (DIRECTORATE-GENERAL)

    The staff of the Commission are organized into a number of distinct departments, known as “Directorates-General” (DGs), each of which is responsible for specific tasks or policy areas (execution of the budget, environment, enlargement,…).The administrative head of a DG is known as the 'Director-General' responsible under one of the Commissioners. Each European Commissioner is responsible for one or several DG.

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