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European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

Find all European Funds

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    Joint actions are the result of close cooperation between various institutions or stakeholders (for example the EBI and Universities or the Commission, member states and foreign countries). They are used for transversal policies (R&D, education) or issues for which having a single level of action is not considered pertinent (AIDS).


    The JTIs only aim objectives that can't be reached by call for proposals. JTIs may become operational by setting up a Joint Undertaking under Article 171 of the Treaty to create a single, Europe-wide and industrially-driven R&and programme that will help EU industry to achieve world leadership.


    The "official mission" of the JRC is to: provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, private or national.

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