linkedin gif

+33 1 42 54 60 64
Login & Registration

Home >  European glossary of European Commission

European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

Find all European Funds

More calls for proposals, contact

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

  • SAPARD (Support for Pre-accession Measures for Agriculture and Rural Development)

    Aimed to assist the candidate countries and prepare them for participation in the common agricultural policy and internal market on the basis of a wide range of adjustment measures relating to agricultural structures and rural development. These measures formed part of the pre-accession strategy conducted under Accession Partnerships formed between the Commission and each of the candidate countries. With the accession of the first group of candidate countries, the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund have taken over, depending on the capacity of the individual beneficiary countries to use the Community grants effectively. This instrument has been replaced by the IPA in the 2007-2013 programmation.

  • SCHENGEN LAND (= the Schengen area, the Schengen countries)

    In 1985, five EU countries (France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) agreed to abolish all checks on people travelling between them. This created a territory without internal borders which became known as the Schengen area. (Schengen is the town in Luxembourg where the agreement was signed). The Schengen countries introduced a common visa policy for the whole area and agreed to establish effective controls at its external borders. Checks at the internal borders may be carried out for a limited period if public order or national security make this necessary. Little by little, the Schengen area has been extended to include every EU country plus Iceland and Norway, and the agreement has become an integral part of the EU treaties. However, Ireland and the United Kingdom do not take part in the arrangements relating to border controls and visas. You do not need a visa for travelling within the Schengen area if you are a citizen of one of the Schengen countries. If you have a visa for entering any Schengen country it automatically allows you to travel freely throughout the Schengen area, except Ireland and the United Kingdom.


    Evaluation of the compatibility of the legislation of a candidate state with the Community rules.

  • SMEs (Small and Mid-sized Enterprises)

    Enterprises corresponding to the following criteria: employ less than 250 individuals (full-time) and annual turnover not exceeding 50 Million euros or an annual balance which total does not exceed 43 Million euros. They must also respect the independence criterion.


    This means discussion, negotiation and joint action between the European social partners (see below) and discussions between these social partners and the EU institutions.


    This is jargon for the two sides of industry – i.e. employers and workers. At EU level they are represented by three main organisations: - The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), representing workers - The Union of Industries of the European Community (UNICE), representing private sector employers - The European Centre for Public Enterprise (CEEP), representing public sector employers. The European Commission consults them when drawing up proposals for social and employment legislation.

  • SPD

    It means a single document approuved by the European Commission and containing the same information to be found in a Community support framework and operational programme.


    Tool to apply the Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP) that aims to the development of scientific and technological excellence in Europe, and to enhance coordination, cooperation and valorisation of research efforts undertaken by the Member States, and to contribute to the definition and application of the other Community policies.


    The stabilisation and agreement constitutes the framework of relations between the European Union and the Western Balkan countries for implementation of the stabilisation and association process. The agreements are adapted to the specific situation of each partner country while establishing common political, economic and commercial objectives and encouraging regional co-operation. In the context of accession to the European Union, the agreement serves as the basis for implementation of the accession process.


    The Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) is the European Union's policy towards the Western Balkans, established with the aim of European integration. Western Balkan countries are involved in a progressive partnership with a view to stabilising the region and the eventual establishment of a free-trade area. The SAP sets out common political and economic goals although progress evaluation is based on countries' own merits. Contractual (Stabilisation and association agreements), economic (exceptional trade measures) and financial (CARDS) instruments support its realisation by strengthening reforms and the transition process. Regional co-operation constitutes a fundamental part of the procedure.


    Any person or organisation with an interest in or affected by EU legislation and policymaking is a 'stakeholder' in that process. The European Commission makes a point of consulting as wide a range of stakeholders as possible before proposing new legislation or new policy initiatives.


    These financing instruments for the regional policy support actions which aim is to reduce the inequality of development between regions. For 2007-2013 period there are two Structural funds: 1/The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (FEDER) 2/The European Social Fund (ESF) intervenes for training actions and the fight against unemployment. Together with the Cohesion Fund they contribute to the European objective of territorial, economic and social cohesion. A total of 308 billion € will be allocated to financing regional policy between 2007 and 2013 to work towards the three new objectives: 1- Convergence, 2- Regional Competitiveness 3- Employment and Territorial Cooperation. These objectives supersede the former Objectives 1 , 2 and 3 for the 2000-2006 programming period.


    Individual or enterprise to whom/which the fabrication of part of a product or service is entrusted.


    The “subsidiarity principle” means that EU decisions must be taken as closely as possible to the citizen. In other words, the Union does not take action (except on matters for which it alone is responsible) unless EU action is more effective than action taken at national, regional or local level.


    Direct payment that is not refundable nor of commercial nature. It is paid out by a public institution to support the implementation of a project that is involved in a political strategy.


    Document confirming that a project is subsidised by the European Commission. It is to be signed by all the implied parties (European Commission and beneficiaries. For information purpose the European Commission proposes a Standard contract.


    Meetings of the European Council (see above) are sometimes referred to as European (or EU) 'summit' meetings, because they bring together the EU's heads of state or government. Some countries are represented by their Prime Minister, others by their President, some by both. It depends on their Constitution.


    This literally means 'at a level above national governments' – as distinct from 'intergovernmental' which means 'between governments'. Many EU decisions are taken at 'supranational' level in the sense that they involve the EU institutions, to which EU countries have delegated some decision-making powers. Do not confuse this term with 'transnational'.

Welcomeurope, 161 rue Montmartre, 75002 Paris | Tél . : +33 1 42 54 60 64 / Fax : +33 1 42 54 70 04

© Welcomeurope 2000-2018

Welcome to This site uses cookie to improve the analysis of the website and the quality of services. By using our site, you agree to use the cookies. More