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European glossary of European Commission

You will find here all the keywords and definitions related to European affairs

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  • TACIS

    Launched by the EC in 1991, the Tacis Programme provides grant-financed technical assistance to 13 countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan), and mainly aims at enhancing the transition process in these countries. It has been replaced by the ENPI in the 2007-2013 new programmation.

  • TAIEX (TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE INFORMATION EXCHANGE OFFICE)

    Created by the European Commission in order to provide a technical support to the countries, which are candidate to accession, in their integration of the acquis communautaire. In 2007 the services are open to all countries covered by the Neighbourhood policy, including Russia.

  • TAO (TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE)

    External structure with a diversity of legal status (Foundation, Office, Assembly, University) that furnish a permanent support to the European Commission by conducting a European programme after a call for tender.

  • TED (Tenders electronic daily)

    It is a internet version of the Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Communities. This data base of the European call for tenders diffuses calls for tender relating to the public procurements for works, service, supply etc. It enables seeking an notice of contract using a search engine.

  • THIRD COUNTRY

    This phrase simply means a non-EU country. The meaning is clearest when we are speaking about relations between two EU Member States (or between the EU institutions and a Member State) and another country - literally a third country - that is outside the European Union.

  • ToR (Terms of References)

    or call for tender : it is a public or private procedure by which a purchaser (adjudicator) puts in competition potential suppliers (tenderers) on a contract of great scale. The invitation to tender can be published at the local, European or international level. It can relate to the realization of a project of industrial nature (construction of a factory, of an airport...) or on the supply of current system or consumer goods in great quantities.

  • TPE (VERY SMALL ENTERPRISE)

    Company that consists of less than 40 employees and whose turnover amounts to 10 million euro.

  • TRANSNATIONAL

    This word is often used to describe cooperation between businesses or organisations based in more than one EU country. Part of the EU's purpose is to encourage this cross-border or 'transnational' cooperation.

  • TRANSNATIONAL

    This word is often used to describe cooperation between businesses or organisations based in more than one EU country. Part of the EU's purpose is to encourage this cross-border or 'transnational' cooperation.

  • TRANSNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP

    Partnership between several actors of different states that work across national boundaries. Almost every EU funding programme requires a transnational element of some kind as a way of achieving cooperation between Member States.

  • TRANSPARENCY

    The term 'transparency' is often used to mean openness in the way the EU institutions work. The EU institutions are committed to greater openness. They are taking steps to improve public access to information, and they are working to produce clearer and more readable documents. This includes better drafting of laws and, ultimately, a single, simplified EU Treaty.

  • TWO-SPEED EUROPE

    This refers to the theoretical possibility that, in future, a particular “core” group of EU Member States may decide to move faster than others along the road of European integration. It is already possible for a group of EU countries to work together more closely than others under an arrangement known as “enhanced co-operation”.

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