Report unveils priorities of 2014-2020 Cohesion PolicyJuly 24, 2014
Funding Scheme: 2014-07-24
Pgm2014 2020: Yes
The sixth report of the EU Commission on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion outlines the major components of Cohesion Policy for 2014-2020, with an increased financial emphasis on SMEs, energy effeciency, employment and social cohesion compared to the previous programmig period (2007-2013).
The Report analyses the state of cohesion of the Union and highlights the challenges faced by national, regional and local authorities in overcoming the impact of the financial and economic crisis. In particular it finds that Cohesion Policy has cushioned the dramatic decline of public investment, injecting much needed investment resources in many Member States and creating vital financial stability which serves to attract private investment.
Solid results can be seen from investments under EU Cohesion Policy in 2007-2013. Figures so far (up to end of 2012) – show the creation of around new 600,000 jobs, support to 80,000 new businesses, 5 million citizens gaining access to broadband and 3.3 million people with an improved supply to drinking water. Furthermore, 5.7 million jobseekers were helped into work and a further 8.6 million supported to obtain qualifications.
Investments under the current financial round, 2014-2020, are expected to go even further with much more focus on key sectors such as the low-carbon economy, SME competitiveness, innovation and employment and social inclusion. EU Cohesion Policy investments will make more than €38 billion available to support the shift to a more environmentally-friendly economy, through investments for energy efficiency and renewables – this compares to €16.6 billion invested in the low-carbon economy for 2007‑2013. According to the spending plans and “Partnership Agreements” of Member States up to €33 billion (an increase of nearly €10 billion) will support Europe’s SMEs to become more competitive. More than €80 billion will be invested in human capital through the European Social Fund and the Youth Employment Initiative.
The need for good governance is also emphasised in the Report, stating that without it, high growth rates and regional economic convergence cannot be achieved. While governance across Europe has improved, investments will continue to build administrative capacity in certain Member States, training and supporting staff to ensure the most robust and efficient use of EU taxpayers’ money.
While cities are identified as engines of innovation and growth, they have suffered more during the crisis than other regions in terms of employment losses. City dwellers are at a higher risk of poverty and social exclusion in many Member States. Also for this reason, the new Cohesion Policy rules foresee that at least 20% of the European Social Fund should be invested in strengthening social inclusion and combating poverty.
The Commission is also launching a new Cohesion Policy open data platform to support the reinforced results focus, to increase transparency and to promote debate on the performance of Cohesion Policy funding. Users can explore Report data with a range of interactive maps and charts and submit comments.
The 5th Cohesion Report published in 2010 emphasised the need for investments to be more in line with the ‘Europe 2020 Strategy’, with stricter pre-conditions and more traceable results. The reformed Policy with its highly strategic approach built on these recommendations. New rules and pre-conditions for funding ensure that the right regulatory and macro-economic framework is in place so the Policy has an even greater impact.
Today’s Report shows that while the recent economic crisis served to widen regional growth disparities, national figures and projections indicate a reverse in this trend thanks to more targeted Cohesion Policy investments.
Url description: Press of the Commission